Caution: These are broad generalizations and should not be used to stereotype any individuals.
Realize that they may be reluctant to discuss emotional problems outside the family.
Modesty may be important, especially among older women. Try to keep them covered whenever possible.
Accept that older, more traditional wives may defer to husbands in decision-making, both for their own health and that of their children. Involve the family in decision-making.
In labor & delivery, the woman's mother may be the preferred birthing partner.
Laboring women often yell out "aye yie yie" -- a loud form of controlled breathing. Others will be stoic.
Traditionally, new mothers avoid cold, bathing & exercise for 6 weeks post partum. Respect post-partum prescriptions for rest. Sponge baths may be preferred.
Since pregnancy is traditionally thought to be a "hot" condition, birth depletes the body of heat. Restoration of warmth is important. Offer liquids other than ice water, which may be deemed too "cold."
of Life issues
Avoid ice water, unless requested.
Among more traditional women, "fat" is seen as healthy. Many Mexican foods are high in fat and salt. Nutritional counseling may be necessary for diabetics and individuals with high blood pressure.
Some may believe that complimenting a child without touching the child can cause evil eye. To be safe, touch the child when admiring him/her.
Ask what herbal remedies, if any, the patient uses. While most are effective or neutral, azarcón (a bright reddish-orange powder) and greta (a yellow to grayish-yellow powder) which are used to treat empacho (stomach pain) have lead and can be dangerous.