Caution: These are broad generalizations and should not be used to stereotype any individuals.
Personal problems are usually taken care of within the family; they will probably not be receptive to counseling.
It is usually appropriate to speak first to the family spokesman.
Sexual segregation is usually extremely important. Assign same-sex caregivers whenever possible, and maintain a woman's modesty at all time.
Accept the fact that women may defer to husbands for decision-making regarding their own and their children's' health. This is not necessarily a sign of spouse abuse.
Accept that the husband may answer questions addressed to his wife.
Allow them privacy to pray several times a day, facing east toward Mecca.
Many have a fatalistic attitude regarding health: it's all in Allah's hands, so their (health-related) behavior may be of little consequence.
They may not want to plan for birth or death; it can be seen as challenging the will of Allah.
It is acceptable for women to be very loud & expressive during labor and delivery.
Male circumcision common.
of Life Issues
May not allow organ donation or autopsy, since according to Islam, body should be returned to Allah in the condition in which it was given.
Evil eye (envy) may be thought to cause illness or misfortune. Amulets to prevent this may be worn and should not be removed.
They may be used to heavy use of medications & may feel slighted if not given prescription.
When providing meals, be aware that Muslims may not eat pork.